Types Of Lobster That You Should Know
Are you a big fan of lobsters? If the answer is yes, you should know what types of lobster you usually get. How many types of lobster are there? There are 12 different types of lobster from many areas around the world but not all of them are edible. In this article, you will get all the information about them. Read on!
The different types of lobster
Characteristics common of lobsters
As you might already know, lobsters are omnivores that eat fish, plants and crustaceans. They are used as food for not only humans but also for crabs, fish and seals. They can scavenge from dead carcasses if necessary.
Lobsters are crustaceans
All types of lobsters have their hard shell and soft shell seasons because they molt or shed their shell to grow. During this process, they puff up their own flesh with water in order to create a roomier shell. This water-loaded flesh has a different flavor.
Hard and soft shell lobsters need a different style of cooking because soft shell lobsters are more fragile and they are also harder to ship. There are 2 main types of lobster: cold water lobster and warm water lobster. If you prefer lobster claw meat, you need to get a cold water lobster.
Therefore, Fishermen's Net will classify 12 different types of lobster according to the water environment in which they live
Warm Water Lobster
Instead of having big front claws, warm water lobster comes with a front set of legs that look like an oversized antenna. They are also called the “rock lobster,” or “spiny lobster” and can be found mostly on the California coastline and the Caribbean.
Their peak season is in the winter months. Generally, they are less expensive and the main source of meat is from the tail.
#1: Caribbean Lobsters
Caribbean Lobsters are a typical warm water lobster
As you can tell from the name, Caribbean lobsters are mostly caught along the shore of the Caribbean, throughout the Gulf of Mexico. You can also find them along the North American coast.
The most ideal water temperature for Caribbean lobsters to spawn is 73 degrees F (23 degrees C), which means during April and October.
Caribbean lobsters are commercially fished when they reach the minimum size of around 3 inches (7.6 centimeters). Compared to cold-water lobster, they have a harder shell which patterned in gray and brown stripes with yellow spots on the tail.
- Season: Aug - Mar
- Average Price (Frozen Shipped): $35/lb.
- Average Price (Live): $25/lb.
- Flavor: Sweet and delicate flavor with succulent tail meat.
#2: South African Lobsters
There is one thing about South African lobsters that can confuse you. Obviously, they are warm water lobsters because they have long appendages and no claws. However, they live in cold water.
It takes more time for them to grow than Caribbean lobsters. And they have a good reputation for having muscular tails with a unique flavor. This is also one of the most common types of lobster sold in America as frozen lobsters.
- Season: Nov - Apr.
- Average Price (Frozen Shipped): $45/lb.
- Average Price (Live): N/A.
- Flavor: Sweet and succulent.
#3: Australian Lobsters
Australian lobsters can be caught all year round and they have both red and green shades. They are mostly found on the Northwest coast of Australia.
Besides that, this type of lobster is known for having a smooth and delicate flavor. The average weight of the tails is from 8 to 10 ounces.
- Season: All year.
- Average Price (Frozen Shipped): $60/lb.
- Average Price (Live): $45/lb.
- Flavor: Firm meat with a sweet and mild taste.
#4: Reef Lobsters
This type of lobster has stunning purple and lavender markings. Although they have claws, they are not considered clawed lobsters. They are very small and often known for their coloring instead of their meat. You can find them in the Indo-Pacific, Caribbean, warmer parts of the Atlantic and in the aquarium.
Average Price (Live): $20 (2-inch lobster for aquarium)
#5: California Lobsters
This is one of the largest types of lobster found on the coast from California to Mexico. The maxim length is up to 24 inches and they are very popular in China. That’s why these lobsters are commercially and recreationally fished mostly for this market.
- Season: Oct - Mar.
- Average Price (Frozen Shipped): NA
- Average Price (Live): $25/lb.
- Flavor: Creamy, nutty, delicate and sweet.
#6: Pacific Lobsters
Pacific lobsters weigh from 1-5 pounds, but occasionally you can find one with 15 pounds. Similar to other warm water lobsters, they are caught for lobster tails.
- Season: Oct - Mar
- Flavor: Delicate and sweet.
Cold Water Lobster
When you dine out in a seafood restaurant, you should expect cold water lobster. They are known as “clawed” lobsters, because they have 3 sets of claws, along with 5 sets of walking legs. That means there is more lobster meat for you to enjoy. Besides, claw meat can be tastier than tail meat.
There is no surprise when Canadian lobsters are on top of the list for cold water lobsters. Because of the cold weather, they have a great water environment to grow. They are best known for having juicy claw meat and can be found on the East coast of Canada.
However, due to the concern about the lobster population, their harvesting season is staggered during their summer molts.
- Season: Oct - Jan & June - July.
- Average Price (Frozen Shipped): $65/lb. lobster meat.
- Average Price (Live): $20/lb.
- Flavor: Sweet, denser meat.
#2: Maine Lobsters
Maine lobsters have juicy claw meat and firm tail meat
Canadian lobsters and Maine lobsters look alike because they are from the same species. Lobsters from Maine have gained a reputation for being the best lobsters in the world. Not only they have juicy claw meat, but their tail meat is also extremely firm.
If you want to enjoy “true” lobsters, you must buy this type. Maine lobsters are commonly sold in restaurants and supermarkets with an average price of about $50/pound or more.
The best way to enjoy high-quality Maine Lobsters is to buy them from Maine lobstermen. At Fishermen’s Net, you can order Maine lobsters online and Maine lobster will be shipped directly to your door.
- Season: All year, especially June - Dec.
- Average Price (Frozen Shipped): $70/lb. lobster meat
- Average Price (Live): $20/lb.
- Flavor: Sweet, tender meat.
#3: New Zealand Lobsters
New Zealand Lobsters have beautiful shells and they can be found on the South Pacific coast. They have sweet, smooth meat and firm white flesh and are sold to markets around the world, especially in Asia.
New Zealand Lobster is known as Rock Lobster
- Season: May - Feb
- Average Price (Frozen Shipped): $50/lb. whole lobster, $25/lb. tail meat.
- Average Price (Live): $60/lb.
- Flavor: Slightly sweet, meaty succulent texture.
#4: Slipper Lobsters
Slipper Lobsters come with a flat face and they don’t have front claws. They live in the mud and are tricky to cook, that’s why their meat is not the best among all types of lobster. They are mainly fished in Asia, however, they are endangered in most places.
- Season: November - April.
- Flavor: Sweet, white and firm meat.
#5: Furry Lobsters
The reason why they get the name Furry lobsters is that their body is covered in hair. They are small but have very large antennas. They are mostly caught by divers, not desirable for commercial fisheries and also prohibited to fish.
Season: No commercial fisheries and prohibited to fish.
#6: Squat Lobsters
Squat Lobsters can be found in crevices where they dig their claws in the sand for food. They are more like crabs or hermit crabs. Squat lobsters are definitely not commercially fished, they are used as feed in fish, shrimp and prawn farms and occasionally used as bait.
Season: Not commercially fished.
As you have learned about 12 different types of lobster, do you know the answer for the best one? And have you tried it? Check out Fishermen’s Net for fresh Maine lobsters at the dock!
Visit our blog for more useful tips related to the lobster. Feel free to contact us via the below contact information if you have any further questions or requests.
Address: 849 Forest Ave, Portland, ME 04103.
Tel: +1 (207) 772-3565.